Rhinovirus induced wheezing is an early risk factor fror development of asthma in early childhood.
It is not clear why other viruses are not associated with asthma risks. A study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology studied why some viruses can lead to asthma, and others do not. They found rhinovirus leads to a TH 2 (allergy) response in the body, whereas other viruses lead to a TH 1 response (fighting infection). Surprisingly, a combination of the Rhinovirus and another viurus, did not lead to the allergy response, suggesting suppression of the rhinovirus.
Many parents wonder when their children do wheeze early in life, will it lead to asthma. This study addresses this issue, and it would depend on which virus is the trigger.