Mold, also known as fungus, is a family of organisms that are found throughout nature.
There are thousands of types of mold, however, only a few of these are currently available for allergy testing.
In colder climates, molds can be found in the outdoor air starting in the late winter, and peaking in the late summer to early fall months (July to October). In warmer climates, mold spores may be found throughout the year, with the highest levels found in the late summer to early fall months.
While indoor molds can occur year round and are dependent on moisture levels in the home, indoor mold levels are higher when outdoor mold levels are higher. Therefore, a common source of indoor mold is from the outside environment, although can also be from indoor mold contamination.
- Prevent outdoor molds from entering the home by keeping doors and windows closed and using air conditioning equipped with allergen-grade air filters
- Control indoor moisture with the use of dehumidifiers
- Fix water leaks in bathrooms, kitchens and basements
- Ensure adequate ventilation of moist areas
- Clean contaminated surfaces with diluted a chlorine bleach solution (one part household bleach in 9 parts water), while using proper protective gear.
- Utilize filters.
- Limit indoor houseplants, and ensure those that are present are free of mold on leaves and in potting soil.
If you are concerned about mold allergy, your local allergy doctor can do skin or blood testing to determine if you are having an IgE mediated reaction to it or not.